Wednesday, December 4, 2019

Abolish Capital Punishment Essay Example For Students

Abolish Capital Punishment Essay Capital PunishmentAfter centuries of nearly universal implementation, the death penaltyremains a deeply debated political issue. While one execution takes place, othermurders occur, and the question still stands: Will the death penalty safeguardsociety and deter murder, or will it not? The death penalty cannot be considereda proper economical and moral means of punishment to deter those who mightcommit capital offenses, or can it?In the past, capital punishment horrified people, which deterred themfrom committing crime. In England, the country from which the United Statesadopted the death penalty, the death penalty was imposed for a rather largenumber of offenses in an effort to discourage people from committing crimes. Methods of inflicting the death penalty have ranged From stoning in biblicaltimes, crucifixion under the Romans, beheading in France, to those used in theUnited States today: hanging, electrocution, gas chamber, firing squad, andlethal injection(Bedau 124). There were drastic penalties for such seriouscrimes as homicide. Execution was a suitable punishment for those times. Today,though, the law is not as strict. This leads potential criminals not to fear thedeath penalty because government today uses more humane methods of execution,rather than the brutal punishment that history portrayed. People who oppose the death penalty say that there is no evidence thatthe murder rate fluctuates according to the frequency with which the deathpenalty is used (Masur 153). It is more likely that the convict would beparoled instead of being executed because of the present practice of allowingunlimited appeals. Convicted criminals are not exposed to cruel punishment, butrather given a long waiting period. If the criminal is put to death, it isusually done as mercifully as possible. One problem with the death penalty, presently, is that crime is notdecreasing, but rather increasing. If capital punishment is supposed to detercrimes such as murder, it is not serving its purpose. Even philosophers, such asBeccaria, Voltaire, and Bentham of the Enlightenment Period, argued that thedeath penalty was needlessly cruel, overrated as a deterent, and occasionallyimposed in fatal error (Fogelson 89). Another problem with the death penalty is the enormous amount of moneybeing spent on implementation. It costs taxpayers millions of dollars more toexecute a criminal than to lock him up for life. The number of prisoners ondeath row has been steadily increasing and will soon meet all time highs. Thisfact brings up the question of economic feasibility of the implementation, aswell as the question of weather the death penalty is actually an effectivedeterrent to crime. Currently, Texas leads the nation in both death row population and inthe number of executions. Texas has 351 condemned men and 4 women awaitingsentence, and has had 46 executions since 1977. These prisoners spent an averageof eight years on death row and cost Texans an average of 2.3 million dollarsper case (Execution B8). The legal process a condemned prisoner goes throughis very lengthy and costly. A person is only given the death penalty for certain crimes in Texas. Adeath sentence is handed down if a person is convicted of the murder of a policeofficer or fireman, murder during certain felonies, murder for pay or reward,multiple murders, or murder during prison escape. Once a criminal has beensentenced, he or she can appeal the decision. In addition to the courts appeals, the cost of an average of $180,000per case, the $150,000 prison cost also escalates the economic burden to thestate. This cost does not include the $21,000 execution cost or the $19,500needed for extra security (Van den Haag 123). To have a death row prisoner meansthat the state must provide police, fire, and public safety protection. Theyalso require special housing units, extra guards, food, and around-the-clocksecurity (Van den Haag 123). .u7fd313d8f391f0fa9fe9018940395890 , .u7fd313d8f391f0fa9fe9018940395890 .postImageUrl , .u7fd313d8f391f0fa9fe9018940395890 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u7fd313d8f391f0fa9fe9018940395890 , .u7fd313d8f391f0fa9fe9018940395890:hover , .u7fd313d8f391f0fa9fe9018940395890:visited , .u7fd313d8f391f0fa9fe9018940395890:active { border:0!important; } .u7fd313d8f391f0fa9fe9018940395890 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u7fd313d8f391f0fa9fe9018940395890 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u7fd313d8f391f0fa9fe9018940395890:active , .u7fd313d8f391f0fa9fe9018940395890:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u7fd313d8f391f0fa9fe9018940395890 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u7fd313d8f391f0fa9fe9018940395890 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u7fd313d8f391f0fa9fe9018940395890 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u7fd313d8f391f0fa9fe9018940395890 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u7fd313d8f391f0fa9fe9018940395890:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u7fd313d8f391f0fa9fe9018940395890 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u7fd313d8f391f0fa9fe9018940395890 .u7fd313d8f391f0fa9fe9018940395890-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u7fd313d8f391f0fa9fe9018940395890:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: It's Tough Being A Turtle EssayTo cut down costs, several alternatives to the death penalty have beendiscussed by public officials. One alternative is to sentence criminals to lifeimprison without possibility of parole instead of execution. Although this planwould save millions of dollars, it would create problems in the prison system. The end result would be killing each other and killing prison guards without thethreat of serious consequences (Execution B8). In the following interview with the U.S. Attorney, Demetrius Bevinsaide, some interesting responses were made:Q:What do you think about the death penalty?A:Depending on the circumstances of the crime, on some criminals it shouldbe enforced. On others, they should just get life in prison. Q:What do you think is the best method of execution?A:I think the best method is lethal injection. Is is the humane, andin my opinion, the least expensive. It involves much less preperation than theelectric chair, and it is safer and cleaner. Q:Do you have any suggestions for alternative solutions to the deathpenalty?A:Yes. Life in prison with absolutely no possibility of parole. The following is an interview with local attorney Chuck Hardy. Q:What do you think about the death penalty?A:I think it serves its purpose. I think it cuts down on crime, and frommy experience with the prisoners I have met, most if not all are scared of thelethal injection method used here in Texas. Q:What is the best method of execution?A:The electric chair. It is scarier than lethal injection because one mustfirst go through intense pain. With the lethal injection, one just goes to sleepand never wakes up. Q:Do you have any suggestions for alternative solutions to the deathpenalty. A:Doing hard time in a maximum security prison and never seeing the lightof day. In legal history there is a tendency to leave cruel executions behindand to humanize capital punishment by the pursuit of technical perfection(Bockle 43). The death penalty is a form of torture trying to be justified withadvanced technology. How does this form of torture differ from the torture thattakes place in Iran, Iraq, Ethiopia, South America, Guatemala, Bangladesh,Afganistan, and even Israel? (Bockle 4). The techniques in those countrieswould certainly be considered to go against human morality, but the end resultis the same, a man dies. In this country, the debate goes on as to weather ornot the death penalty is in fact going against human morality regardless of hoehumanly it is done. Some people turn to the Bible to determine what is right, but the Biblecan be interpreted as arguing either way. The Old Testament can be interpretedas arguing for the death penalty. This interpretation is formulated from thepassage in which God sentences Cain to walk the Earth without food or humancontact. Cain killed his brother Able, and therfore was punished by banishment. This type of punishment would be impossible to impose on an individual at thisday and age. Those for the death penalty justify the use of capital punishmentas a necessary for the preservation of the society of the twentieth century. The same Old Testament can be interpreted as against the death penalty. The quotation, Vengeance said the Lord, is mine, and if anyone kills Cain, itshall be taken on him sevenfold, is most accurately interpreted as anti-deathpenalty (Berns 11). This statement steers society into allowing God to take careof the sinful individual in His own manner. Cain was banished and considered anoutcast just as the prisoner is an outcast from society. Many questions have been raised as to the effectiveness of the deathpenalty, and whether it should still be used today. Everywhere in the UnitedStates the death penalty has been under fire. The awareness of the people andarguments made by lawmakers have led to an anti-death penalty sentiment in theUnited States. Arguments in favor of the death penalty, such as the punishmentfitting the crime and the effectiveness of capital punishment as a deterrentagainst crime, are made. These ideas are the basis for pro-death penalty viewsamong the population and court systems of America. .u13b1ea88f3d389eac7ad4ae85974ef0d , .u13b1ea88f3d389eac7ad4ae85974ef0d .postImageUrl , .u13b1ea88f3d389eac7ad4ae85974ef0d .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u13b1ea88f3d389eac7ad4ae85974ef0d , .u13b1ea88f3d389eac7ad4ae85974ef0d:hover , .u13b1ea88f3d389eac7ad4ae85974ef0d:visited , .u13b1ea88f3d389eac7ad4ae85974ef0d:active { border:0!important; } .u13b1ea88f3d389eac7ad4ae85974ef0d .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u13b1ea88f3d389eac7ad4ae85974ef0d { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u13b1ea88f3d389eac7ad4ae85974ef0d:active , .u13b1ea88f3d389eac7ad4ae85974ef0d:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u13b1ea88f3d389eac7ad4ae85974ef0d .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u13b1ea88f3d389eac7ad4ae85974ef0d .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u13b1ea88f3d389eac7ad4ae85974ef0d .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u13b1ea88f3d389eac7ad4ae85974ef0d .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u13b1ea88f3d389eac7ad4ae85974ef0d:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u13b1ea88f3d389eac7ad4ae85974ef0d .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u13b1ea88f3d389eac7ad4ae85974ef0d .u13b1ea88f3d389eac7ad4ae85974ef0d-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u13b1ea88f3d389eac7ad4ae85974ef0d:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Bluest Eye EssayImportant legal arguments against the death penalty are usually madefrom what is stated in the Constitution. Many people believe that the deathpenalty is unlawful because it violates the cruel and unusual punishment clausesunder the eighth and fourteenth amendments to the Constitution (Punishment 82). Another argument that the abolitionist group make is that the death penaltyviolates the discriminatory clause of the Constitution. Of all executions thattook place in the United States between 1930 and 1966, over half of those whodied were black (Punishment 2). The controversy over capital punishment began in the eighteenth centuryand continues today. Throughout the world innocent people are executed inseveral inhumane forms which the United States should not follow. Today thereexists a raging debate on wether the death penalty is economically, morally, andlegally justifiable, or still just cruel and inhumane. BIBLIOGRAPHYBedau, Hugo Adam. Capital Punishment. Colliers Encyclopedia. 1990. Berns, Walter. For Capital Punishment. New York: Basic Books, 1979. Bockle, Franz, and Jacques Pohier. The Death Penalty and Torture. New York: TheSeabury Press, 1979. Execution Costs an Average $2.3 Million in Texas. San Antonio Light. 9 Mar. 1992, B:8. Fogelson, Robert M. Criminal Justice in America. New York: ARNO Press, 1974. Masur, Louis P. Rites of Execution. New York: Oxford U.P., 1989. Van de Haag, Ernest. Punishment of Criminals. New York: Basic Books, 1975.

Thursday, November 28, 2019

9 Great Content Analytics Tools (Plus 5 Lesser-Known Alternatives)

As search engines now have a major impact on consumer behavior, content has become one of the most powerful ways to drive website traffic and generate leads. However, to remain competitive you need to take advantage of the right tools to ensure your content marketing efforts have maximum impact. Here, we’ll uncover some of the best free and paid content analytics tools to help you power up your content marketing. Website Analytics Around 69% of marketers analyze page views and unique visitors to measure the success of their content while less than half are examining the time users spend on their site. However, these tools could help you get a fuller picture so you can gain a more competitive edge: 1. Google Analytics With such a wide variety of content stats and reports to delve into, it can take a while to get the most out of Google Analytics, but it’s worth it. Discover the number of clicks on web pages, stats on keywords, time users stay on your site, content sharing stats, and so much more. One of its best features – especially for retail users – is the goal funnel tool. Here, you can set up a row of URLs that users have to go through, so you can see how many users complete your conversion funnels, and how many drop off. 2. SEMrush SEMrush isn’t as widely used as Google Analytics, but it’s just as powerful in terms of competitor and keyword research. Just enter a URL or keyword in the search bar, and you’ll receive a ton of information about a web page. You can even see live stats on keywords, including keywords used for paid ads. Alternative 1: Webtrends This analytics tool helps you measure customer behavior across numerous channels, including your website and social platforms. Crucially, Webtrends gives you real-time data that helps you create different customer segments for more effective content targeting. By segmenting your users by age, location and more, you can maximize your content’s reach. With SEO and A/B testing tools, Webtrends helps you identify the strong and weak spots of your website’s content and your social media marketing effectiveness. It comes with many video tutorials, webinar classes and constant email and telephone support and provides a great mix of all around analytics. Alternative 2: Hotjar This awesome tool lets you record users’ sessions on your website. This means you can watch videos of real users as they click around and scroll through your pages. This tools helps you answer questions like: how much time do readers spend reading a particular blog page? On which pages do they scroll down more? When do they click away from your site? Having this real data at hand means you can identify your best and worst performing content and tweak your content and design elements to improve your website experience. Engagement Analytics 3. BuzzSumo Renowned as one of the greatest content research tools, BuzzSumo will give you stats on the most popular content in your industry, taken from social media sites and other domains. You can view backlinks from any web page, compare engagement between domains, get a list of your most popular social media posts, and much more. There’s a free plan, but if you’re after in-depth stats, consider one of the paid packages. 4. Impactana Some experts think this tool is even more impressive than BuzzSumo for measuring content engagement. Using its platform, you can search for the most engaging content on your site, then sort it by â€Å"Buzz† or â€Å"Impact.† The â€Å"Buzz† signals show you how the content is shared on social media, while the â€Å"Impact† signals measure actual engagement, including backlinks, clicks, views, comments, downloads, and more. 5. Clicky For websites with fewer than 3,000 views per day, Clicky is free to use. One of Clicky’s best features is its heatmapping technology, which visually shows you how visitors engage with your site. You can even view heatmaps for certain audience segments. For example, you can view the behaviour of visitors who don’t make a purchase, so you can see when they’re dropping off. Alternative 3: SqueezeCMM Through straightforward analytics and conversion measurement, SqueezeCMM will help you quickly uncover the ROI of your content efforts. It shows you how different content performs at different stages of the buying cycle, highlighting which content assets are more successful at moving prospects along the sales funnel. Find out which of your social media channels are driving more clicks and conversions while discovering which content is the most profitable by channel and audience. Social Media Analytics 53% of buyers say Facebook informs their purchase decisions, so it’s clearly important to regularly evaluate your social media activity. If you’re not, or you’re looking for some new options to help rate your content’s performance across all your social channels, here are a few tools to check out. 6. Followerwonk If you do any marketing on Twitter, Followerwonk can give you a wide range of data to help you target your audience more effectively. Find out the most popular hashtags for your account, or discover when most of your followers are active to maximize the impact of postings. As well as analyzing your own Twitter account, you can also research the accounts of competitors. 7. Buffer Buffer is another powerful social media analytics tool, and free to use for up to three social media accounts. The analytics is more basic on the free plan, but you can still compare the performance of your social media posts in terms of engagement and reach. Alternative 4: Tweriod This tool will show you what time of day your audience is most active on Twitter and analyzes your previous posts so you can start tweeting at the right times to reach more people. After analyzing your tweets and your followers’ tweets, Tweriod sends you a no-nonsense overview of what time of day you should be tweeting. If you’re looking to create more engagement on Twitter, this could be a fantastic tool. SEO Analytics 8. Google Search Console While Google Analytics is more useful for discovering how website users interact with your site, Google Search Console is more focused on how search engines interact with your site. Basically, it has three main functions: Search analytics reports, showing you click-through rates from search engine results pages to your site, including which queries prompted those results. Alerts for any website errors or issues. Through Fetch as Google, you can see whether Googlebots can access your pages correctly. 9. Acrolinx The Acrolinx platform is built on an advanced linguistic analytics engine, and is more concerned with helping content marketers achieve a consistent content output. The tool will make sure your content aligns with your company’s standards in terms of tone of voice, style, language, SEO, readability, and other factors. It can even make suggestions on how to alter content according to which audience segments you’re targeting. Acrolinx has its own scoring system, so you can constantly monitor the standard of your content according to its rules, and make improvements based on its suggestions when necessary. This is especially useful for teams with multiple writers, to ensure your brand’s voice remains consistent. Alternative 5: MarketMuse This powerful piece of software is able to identify gaps in your content strategy. It will analyze keywords and build a custom keyword strategy that details the steps you need to take to optimize your onsite content for search engines. As well as content and competitor analysis, MarketMuse also has a site audit tool that reviews your site and generates a report detailing which topics are well covered and which are not. In Summary Good content marketing starts with unique and engaging content, but if you don’t regularly analyze how your content performs and make the necessary adjustments, your content marketing efforts may never pay off. Test out some of these analytics tools and see which ones fit in best with your content strategy. You may need to use a select few to cater to all your needs, but with the right data at your fingertips, you can streamline your content marketing efforts and unlock the potential of your business.

Sunday, November 24, 2019

Dr. Tram and the Vietnam Conflict

Dr. Tram and the Vietnam Conflict Dr. Tram wrote a definitive book about the Vietnam War from around April 1968 when she worked as the chief medical officer in a field hospital in central Vietnams mountains (Tram 2). She volunteered to offer medical services to the soldiers in the war torn areas, and mostly she wrote down her experiences in her diary.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Dr. Tram and the Vietnam Conflict specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In this diary she described her daily encounters with soldiers, her feelings about their pain, and feelings about the American soldiers among others. Dr. Tram made a difficult decision to stay with the soldiers in the war fields, I say this because despite her rich background, she took great risks unexpected of women in her times, and I believe if she were alive today she would have earned a place in the Vietnamese history books. Dr. Tram’s gives us different view of the Vietnam War, it gives a vict ims view of the war and the perpetrators. Being a North Vietnamese she made a very bold decision to go to the war torn South Vietnam, since at that time North Vietnam was a different country from the south (Mydans 34). She specifically went to Quang Ngai province to work as a doctor in the hospitals and clinics in the areas of the Duc Pho areas mostly controlled by the National Liberation Front or the Viet Cong. Unfortunately she was ambushed and killed at her twenty-seventh age when she was returning to her hospital from one of the clinical visits. From her perspective we learn of how the locals felt about the American involvement in the war, we learn that she hated the Americans with a passion for the killings and bombings they did to their country, for maiming her country men and in general were of the pain they underwent in such periods. The abrupt stop in her work shows us how life can be cruel and unfriendly and the war never cares about any one. We also realize that in these times she missed her mothers love and she was weary and always longing for her mothers caring arms (Tram 2). Despite the American soldiers being perceived by the rest of the world to be hard fighting, hard loving and hard living; we realize they were brutal as it is relieved in the book. It seems as if she was driven by an inner desire to love and care that made her risk her life in the war fields. Dr. Tram was driven by love and passion for her country men and a desire to see them liberated. She would often stay in Hanoi to attend to the patients and soldiers and every weekend visit her family in the evacuation sites (Mydans 35). She felt the pain, the insecurities and the fear the soldiers experienced and in most cases she would criticize herself for never rising to occasion or being weak while the rest sacrificed their youth for the sake of liberation.Advertising Looking for essay on art and design? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF L earn More Due to this passion and love she operated on the wounded soldier in unimaginable primitive conditions and was often without drugs that could save their lives. She was always at pain when she saw them die in her hands when she could nothing to save them. She sacrificed her life for the sake of the soldiers and for the sake of her country. Due to this sacrifice she has entered into the official pantheon of wartime heroes that is inclusive of a number of brave young women who also risked their lives. A hospital has been built and a stature erected in memory of her at the remote site of her clinic in Quang Ngai Province. I believe if she was alive she would a living testimony and icon of many, and probably she would scold the current selfish regime in which people are mindful of themselves more than their fellow countrymen. She would greatly oppose the trend where the people do not sacrifice for their fellows but sacrifice their fellows instead. She also might probably not agree with the much honor bestowed upon her at the expense of the very many that died in the war. In conclusion Dr. Tram’s diary gives us the real picture of the war, by describing the situations the soldiers encountered, the longings for their loved ones, and the harsh conditions they were in. It also shows how love for one’s country can make him make a big sacrifice for its benefit. Dr. Tram, Dang Thuy. Last Night I Dreamed of Peace. Trans. Pham, Andrew. New York, NY: Three Rivers Press. 2007. Print. Mydans, Seth. â€Å"Diary of North Vietnam Doctor Killed in U.S. Attack Makes War Real.† New York Times 26 Jun. 2006: 34-35. Print. I would like to thank the following person for helping me put this paper together: Chen Xu, worked with me 4 hours.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Dr. Tram and the Vietnam Conflict specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More De Liang Liang, worked with me 4 hours.

Thursday, November 21, 2019

How to be an effective team Research Proposal Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words

How to be an effective team - Research Proposal Example a)For an adult learner, effective team work is crucial for learning and knowledge acquisition process. For this age group, team communication is one of the main elements which help the organization to create high performance teams and achieve further growth and development. In general, a learning team can be defined as a group of individuals working together to solve problems or accomplish tasks. It is the ever-changing collective feelings, hopes, problems and pains of the community. Rather than simply "tell" students that a certain situation or problem is interesting or important, researchers suggest that the teacher try to arouse their sense of curiosity (Bruner, 2007). Once aroused, it will carry the students through the planned course of study. Learners must get involved with whatever topic or problem they select and must learn its characteristics as well as the general skills of problem solving. In short, we learn by doing. The traditional, logical method of pedagogy presents a systematic, organized body of material. The psychological method links the subject to the learners life situation and then lets him or her work through it in initially chaotic form until a clearer understanding emerges (Dickson and Hargie, 2003). For an adult learner, learning teams are a powerful design option that hopes to meet the challenges of increased knowledge demands, improve output quality, and address the social needs of the ever-changing global workforce. However, the success or failure of work teams will depend largely on communication. Effective communication requires that HR practitioners adapt key assumptions about motivation, structure, and accountability. Adapted assumptions must support lateral thinking, collaboration, interdependence, a focus on process, permeable boundaries, and mutual responsibility. Learning teams are most effective when there is high task interdependence

Wednesday, November 20, 2019

HY 1110-08F-2, AMERICAN HISTORY I (HY1110-08F-2) Essay - 6

HY 1110-08F-2, AMERICAN HISTORY I (HY1110-08F-2) - Essay Example In the South, non-legislative means were used to intimidate former slaves from integrating into white society. One of these groups was the Ku Klux Klan. This group began as a pro-American group, but quickly decided that pro-white American was the real purpose of their organization. Changes in society in the North were occurred also. The northern abolitionist groups, having achieved their goals, found new topics to focus their energies upon. Coupled with the religious fervor of the Second Great Awakening, these groups attacked the many ills they saw in society. Specifically, the temperance movement and the womens suffrage movement became prominent forces for social change after the Civil War. The status of women in society began to change as well. In the North and South, most members of society of both sexes felt that a womens primary responsibility was to her family and within her own home (Clinton 1999). But a growing number of women believed that this primary responsibility should not prevent them from enjoying the same civil liberties as men, especially in regards to voting. Womens voices began to be heard in more prominent ways after the civil

Sunday, November 17, 2019

Harold Hotelling's Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words

Harold Hotelling's - Essay Example These economists make this prediction by studying the prevailing interest rates. According to Per-Olov and Karl-Gustav (2000, 78) upon evaluation and analysis, Hotelling’s theory of nonrenewable resources can still be found to be effective, its flaws notwithstanding. One of the qualities that Hotelling’s theory enjoys and derives vindication from is the fact that the theory generates fundamental implications on how the finite availability of nonrenewable resources affects resource extraction path and resource pricing. Because of this, renowned economists such as Gaurav and Komalirani (2009, 145) divulge that by this virtue, Hotelling’s theory has been instrumental in addressing the most fundamental question that is due to the agent or owner of the investment: the extent to which the nonrenewable asset should be consumed at the moment, and the extent to which the nonrenewable resources should be stored for future use (Per-Olov and Karl-Gustav, 2000, 78). ... uctivity (the flow of the product being generated by marginal units of the resource); the change that will have acted upon the physical characteristics of the nonrenewable asset, over time; and the change that will have acted upon the nonrenewable asset’s market value, over time (Sun and Kaplan, 2010, 75). According to Anderson (2007, 54), Hotelling’s theory considers fast logistics as critical to the success of modern manufacturing industry. This is because people stay far away from work station and thereby have to use automobiles to commute. Likewise, the extraction of oil and other nonrenewable resources by far transcends the use of manual labour and must therefore assume the use of logistics. This reality is further compounded by the introduction and development of global logistic networks. The importance of logistics in Hotelling’s theory is seen in the acknowledgement of logistic curve as an instrument that is important in the estimation of future productio n, through the use of previously observed discoveries. The consideration of logistics in Hotelling’s theory is also underscored by it being instrumental in determining reliability (the most likely estimate and the upper-bound estimate). The upper-bound estimate is the logistic curve that has a growth rate of 6% and ultimate resource which is commensurate to 200 Giga-barrels (Gb) and a peak of 1970. Conversely, the most likely estimate refers to a logistic growth rate that is commensurate to 6%, final resource that equals 150 Gb and a single peak in 1965 (Kandelaars, 1999, 70 and Sanders, 2011, 25). In respect to the above, the value of the marginal unit of natural resources that are held in-situ, minus the cost of extraction will be the value of the resources which will be in the flow market. For

Friday, November 15, 2019

The Awareness Of Point Of Sale Information Technology Essay

The Awareness Of Point Of Sale Information Technology Essay Point of sale is a place where transaction occurs in exchange for services and goods. The point of sale refers to the physical electronic cash register or dedicated Point of Sale hardware used during checkout, but the POS is simply the location where the sale is conducted, money changes hands and a receipt a is given, which can also occur on a smart-phones, tablets, laptops or mobile POS device when the right hardware and POS software is combined with the mobile devices. It is a system allowing business transaction to be monitored, and also facilitating tasks that would otherwise be time-consuming when they are done manually such as monitoring stock, inventory managing, etc. POS also refers to the capturing of data and customer payment information at counter when goods or services are bought and sold. The POS transaction are captured using a variety of devices which include computers, cash registers, optical and bar code scanners, magnetic card readers, or any combination of these devices. This is the physical location from where  goods  are  sold  to  the customers. Point of  sale  is often more specific than a  general  building or  store  where goods are sold, typically indicating the piece of  technology  which is used to finalize the  transaction. They are seen as a  standard  cash register  at the  front  of the store; such as, at a restaurant, grocery store, shopping malls, etc. The point of sale can also be an electronic  system  which are used by the staff for  multiple  purposes, such as ringing up  orders  as well as generating the  receipt  and finalizing purchases. Devices Used The computer software and the register are not the only devices used in POS systems. Devices such as bar code scanners are as important to use the POS system effectively. Magnetic card readers are used for debit and credit cards and optical scanners that examine the object itself for signatures and images. All these provide different sets of data to the computer which can be used to track sales more accurately. POS systems can be very expensive. Small businesses will need to invest several thousand of dollars for the system, legal bar code system, scanner and software needed to run the POS system. Even when a POS system is set up, the data it produces does no good unless managers and marketers know how to use it effectively and efficiently. Literature Review POS (Point of Sale) systems are commonly used in retail stores, restaurants, stadiums, hotels and casinos, etc. The basic use of these systems is to scan items for purchase, place in order and calculate the bills. They are usually industry specific. What can Point Of Sales System do? * Track all elements of each order, from payment, design details, delivery date and months in advance. * Customer Information: It automatically records the customers name, credit card information, address and what they bought and when. * Customer Relations: Everything regarding the customers purchases can be immediately called upon from the system. This makes handling returns, payments and other transactions easier even if the customer has misplaced the paperwork. In a multi-store environment it does not matter which store the customer goes to. All the information are available at all the stores. * Inventory Control: The computer keeps record of the stores inventory. This makes the POS terminals attached to it, automatically update the inventory with every sale or return. This helps the person in multi-inventories keep track of any stock is going to get over. The central office knows at all times how much stock each store has. * Inventory Analysis: The system is able to calculate at what rate each item is selling at all times, making it easy to decide what quantity has to be purchased. * Reduce Out of Stock: In case there is low stock, Low stock reports and purchase orders are generated automatically with enough lead time to receive goods. * Bar code Integration: Various bar-code reading devices can be used in conjunction with shelf stocking, warehousing and at the sales terminal. This will create a speedy entry and reduce human error. * Warranty Tracking: The time and date of purchase are automatically recorded. This information can be easily retrieved from the system within seconds. Warranty issues can be easily handled by stores other than the one where the purchase was made. * Special Pricing: Sales and specials discounts are easily controlled. Starting and end dates can be assigned to the products or product groups and the system will automatically handle them. * Sales Commissions: The commissions are automatically calculated and reported by the system. Different product lines can carry different commissions. Later commissions can be automatically reduced if the sales-person discounts an item. * Profit Center / Product Line Control: It is very easy to set up both profit centers and product lines. This makes tracking performance of individual sales managers and product line profitability easy. * Accounting: The Point of Sale system is completely integrated with full function accounting (Inventory, Accounts Payable, Accounts Receivable, and General Ledger) thus making the books always up-to-date. No hand entries by book-keeping staff are required. In a multi-store environment the central office always has the accounts for each individual store in real time and can produce consolidated accounting reports as well. * Data Export: The Data files and reports can be exported from the POS system for use with other software when there is need. * Data Import: Part number lists, customer lists and other bulk information from outside sources can be imported into the POS system without resorting to hand entry. * Manager Control: The manager has complete access and control to the store or chain of stores at any time of day or night. He can even do store transactions locally. * Security Levels: The Employees are only allowed the access assigned to their password only. * Loss Prevention: Record keeping is so thorough and clear that any employee theft of inventory or received cash, even if cleverly disguised can be detected and traced. Need of the study To know the level of use of POS system among the students of Amity University, Noida. To know the awareness of POS among the students. To know the amount of use of POS system among the students of Amity. Objective of the study: The objective of the study here is to know the use and awareness of the POS system among the students. The amount of use of POS transactions by the students during different courses of purchases. To increase the level of knowledge of POS system among the students. To find out the reasons why POS system is not used in case of both awareness and non-awareness. Rationale behind the study: The presence of POS system in various Malls or stores has become a common sight in todays market. People make their purchases mainly using debit/credit cards in place if paper cash. How does this POS system work? The person making the payment through his card is debited an amount which is the value of the price of the product he is purchasing from the store. This amount is directly credited into the account of the store, form which ever bank it has opened its account with. Since there is no exchange of paper money, transactions takes place in a few seconds, making it less time consuming and less energy involved. On the customers side he does not have the pain of carrying ready cash with him. This wide use of POS system brings us to a study of whether this facility is aware to the young minds of the future leaders and entrepreneurs. The research topic will study how much are the students aware about the POS system that are available in the market. With both the mode of cash and card purchases available, it will see what is used more often and why. It will study the positive as well as the negative impacts in the minds of the students using the system and also who dont use it. The level of awareness of both the group of people who use and who dont will be required to obtain, which will provide the researcher to obtain the final result. Research Methodology: Research method: Descriptive research Sampling method: Convenience Sampling Sampling size: 200 Sampling Universe: Student of Amity University, Noida Sector 125. Data collected: Primary Statistical tool Analysis: Microsoft Excel. Data Collection Method: Data will be collected through the distribution of questionnaires and interaction with the students. After the questionnaires are filled up as required and obtaining the required number of responses, it will be analyzed to reach the necessary findings. Primary Data: The data will be collected by the means of survey which will be done on the basis of various interactions with the students. A questionnaire prepared by the researcher will also be given to the responder who will be filling up the necessary questions. This set of questions will later be analyzed to obtain the required result. Hypothesis: Null: H0: the students are aware about the Point of Sales system Alternative: H1: The students are not aware about the Point of Sales system. Null H0: The students use the POS system Alternative: H1: The students do not use the POS system. Data Analysis and Interpretation Period of using a bank account: Respond Frequency Percentage Less than 6 months 117 58.5% Between 6 months to 1 year 35 17.5% 1 to 2 years 27 13.5% More than 2 years 21 10.5% According to the data collected from the survey, it was found that most of the students had their accounts operating from two years and above. The others had accounts opened just a few months back or a year. Mode of Purchases more frequently used: Response Frequency Percentage Cash Purchase 52 26% Card Purchase 148 74% The research Survey shows that majority of the students used the mode of cash payment. Card payment was also used but at a lower scale. When asked why, their reply would be because they felt more comfortable using cash other than cards. Their main reason for not using card payments was lack of security and confidence. Awareness on Point of Sale system: Response Percentage Good 36 Average 38 Poor 10 It has been found that the level of awareness of Point of Sale system among the students were good. Majority of them had an idea or knowledge what exactly a point of sale could do and also were aware about its benefits as well as its short-comings. There were very less percentage of students who had less or no knowledge a all of the POS systems. Frequency of using Debit/Credit Card Response Frequency Percentage Always 32 16% Very Frequently 60 30% Occasionally 42 21% Rarely 20 10% Very rarely Never 10 5% The survey shows us that the use of POS is very frequently used. This frequency is mostly among the students who are aware about the POS systems and use both cash as well as card purchases. Rank of POS system according to preferences Ticketing 3 Entertainment 4 Online Shopping 2 Shopping 1 Cash Transfers 5 The survey shows that majority of the students who use the POS systems are using them mainly for the purpose of shopping and online purchases. The facility o cash transfers are the least used. Satisfaction of using Point of Sale system: Response Frequency Percentage Strongly Agree 20 10% Agree 60 30% Neutral 30 15% Disagree 5 2.5% Strongly disagree The level of satisfaction among the students using POS system has been agreed by a majority. A neutral feeling is followed by the students who has been aware and using this service. Also a strong level of satisfaction is also found among the sampled sized. Reason for not using Point of Sale system Lack of advertisement 5 Lack of interest 15 No use 4 Lack of security 10 Lack of confidence 10 Any other 2 The survey studied the various reasons why some of the students were not using this POS system when it made transactions so much easier. The main reason for this was due to the Lack of interest in the minds of the students. This was followed lack of security and interest. Lack of advertisement was another reason for causing a low awareness among the students. Findings: The level of awareness about the POS system among the students is good. The use of this system is also found at a good scale among the students who are aware about the POS system. Though the level of awareness is good, some students still do not use as frequently as expected due to different reasons. The use of POS system is more among the group of students who have opened their bank accounts from 2 years and above. Students using accounts below a year have lesser use. Reason for lack of awareness is mainly because of not having a account for themselves. Another reason for not using this system is the lack of proper advertisements, lack of confidence and security. The POS system is mainly used for the purpose of shopping and online purchases by the students. They are more comfortable with these simple transactions that the POS offers. Suggestions: Banks and any other financial institutions providing this facility should make the effort of educating the POS system to its customers. Effective advertisements should be made in order to make the customers more aware of the system available. The Lack of security and confidence among the customers can be eradicated by using effective softwares that are immune to hackers and other flaws. Proper education should be implanted in the minds of the consumers in order to make them aware as well as use this facility. Adequate on sight experience from frequent users can also be done to motivate the individuals who do not use due to various reasons. Conclusion: The study of the topic Study on Awareness of Point of Sale system among the students of Amity University, Sector 125 found that a large number of students are aware about the presence of POS systems around them. Many use them because they are convenient and easy. Others though they have the knowledge and awareness are still hesitated to use them for various reasons. The Point of Sale system has made transactions operating in various stores very fast and efficient. They not only provide the benefit of cash less transactions but also keep track of every product or product group in the stores. This information helps the store manger to keep track of his products in his store and make necessary purchases before they run out of stock. Countries like USA mostly use this facility on a very large scale. Thus the final conclusion to this study was that the level of awareness of the POS system among the students is above average. In order to promote it more, a good amount of work in the field of advertisements and security has to be done. The above few reasons were the most prominent for its non use by certain people. It is only when they use the system they will realize the benefits of it.